The child’s development at the age 5-6 years continues, his body proportions are normalized and the child's body begins to take a permanent form. Indeed, it is argued that the dimensions of the child's body at the end of infancy, is a relatively reliable indicator for the final morphology in the adult age. In the sixth year, the torso and legs of the child have the same length.
The child of 5 years has stable moves, good coordination of arms and legs, a great skill in his hands and impressive control of delicate movements. Let's see what he can accomplish with these allies. He can copy the letters he sees, and write in capital letters, he can move his fingers individually, he can paint within margins, he can sharpen his pencils, he can copy complex designs, he can cut a paper in the outline defined and write his name on the line of the notebook. The conquests are visible on his game also. He can balance, he can hop from one foot to another, he can ride a swing on his own, he can go up and down the slide, play football or other sports, handle the ball very well and catch it with one hand, play racquetball, ride a bike with two wheels, swim, skateboard, etc. The achievements in the kinetic area certainly find application in self-reliance and that means that the child can dress alone, even choose clothes according to weather conditions, cross paths with great efficiency, prepare simple meals, use the knife, take a bath alone (this does not mean that he does not need our supervision), tie his shoelaces, carry objects (e.g. helping with the table setting) etc.
Speech and Communication of a child 5-6 years old
The child of 5 years can memorize and say his phone number, his home address, even a joke, a story or a fact of everyday life (e.g. to narrate in detail how he spent his time at school). His descriptions are becoming more interesting as he enters the age of 5 years and enters 6. He can describe an object with references to its shape, color, size and in relationship to objects that are nearby. The answers given to questions that are addressed to him, are detailed, specific and reasonable, and he can even assign definitions to words and concepts, with references, even to their opposites. The 5 year old child also has a clear concept of time and can use words correctly referred to the parts of time (yesterday, today, tomorrow, before, after). This developed perception and the child's speech, give him the ability to formulate questions and seek explanations for unprecedented things and situations.
Thinking and reasoning
We will see the child of 5-6 years count, distinguish little from more, distinguish right from left, tell the letters of the alphabet, write their name down, classify objects by size, distinguish objects that arranged in line (first, second, third, etc.), distinguish small from capital letters and unite them etc.
Sociability of a child 5-6 years old
The 5 year old child is a miniature adult. This means that companionships are broadening, and the associations do not concern the game. The child makes discussions with peers and adults, he can express his feelings and understand the feelings of others. So, he can console a friend, his brother or his parent if he is distressed. His friends are not those imposed by the family, but he chooses them from the extended circle of school or extracurricular activities. Now, his social behavior, under normal circumstances, is acceptable and complies with the laws of his adult life and he enjoys playing in team game and sharing his toys and stuff with other kids.
As the child grows up, his feelings become more stable and durable, while on the other hand, they have less intensity than before. This is mainly because the child of 5-6 years can clearly distinguish himself from others. Shame, self-evaluation, pride and guilt are some of the feelings experienced for the first time in the age of 5-6 years and as a result, the child has internalized social norms, rules that apply in family, in school, in the friendly environment (feels proud when his actions are consistent with the rules and feels stresses when his actions are inconsistent with the above). Because of the developed language growth, the child can diffuse his emotional charge at this age, verbally expressing what he feels. Our role in this phase is crucial because we need to encourage the child to manifest and express what he feels with all means available (language, body movements, tone of voice, etc.).