This area has no major changes compared to the previous phase and physical development follows the course of the earlier age period between 3-4.
The balance that the child obtains when entering the age of 4 is the key features of the kinetics growth. He can do somersaults skillfully, while his walking will be remarkably stable, dynamic, he can go up and down stairs without holding on the handrail, swirl around himself and much more thanks to the physical force he now has. All this progress will thrill your child, who will make great efforts to amaze you! So this requires great care and vigilance on our part, so that the child will not be exposed to risks and accidents that may inhibit successful and exciting development. The four years old child will be able to copy geometric shapes, to make paintings with a brush, to make beautiful designs with modeling clay, etc The control of delicate movements is so developed that our child can take care of himself, get dressed and tie his shoelaces, to clean his teeth, etc. The conquest of this in the kinetic sector will also be manifested in artistry..
Thinking and reasoning
The four years old child is in closer contact with concepts that will be taught in depth and will be consolidate when he is 5, when he goes to kindergarten. He understands the days of the week, the fact that the day includes morning, midday, afternoon, evening, etc. This fact, should not lead parents towards efforts that will pressure children. The progress of our children must evolve smoothly. The fact that he understands the concept of time such as that the time has minutes, does not mean that we can push him to learn to tell the time! This will make our child feel anxious, and each failed attempt will reduce his confidence. What we can do however is to help his abilities evolve. If for example we see that our child has an inclination to painting, we can, always without pressure and excess register him to a class of art lovers. Also, when your child enters the age of 4 and up to 5 years old, we should not be surprised if we see him make questions like: "What is death? ". With simple words, with seriousness and true explanation, we must answer the questions and help the child establish the image of the world.
Speech and communication
Language is one of the greatest achievements of the four years child. Even he isn’t being able to articulate some consonants he will speak correctly by 90% and the passive vocabulary will reach 3000 words by the age of 5! Among these words, there will be some insults. But we should not worry, thinking that we have raised a child without manners. In fact, the child does not know the meaning of the words, he rather understands their intensity. That is why the child usually uses them at times of tension. The best treatment is to ignore the child when he uses insults and of course try to give him a good example. We should do the same every time the child uses everyday words intensely, as if he is swearing. Our anger, in these cases has the opposite result. Humor will be your best ally in this phase of life of our child.
Imagination once again dominates the child of 4, only now, in contrast to the previous period, the child can distinguish the difference between fictional and real. Games will be emulated and roles are his favorites! The relationship of the 4 years old child with adults will also become important at this stage. The child feels confidence to show adults his feelings without being afraid, ashamed or hesitant. The interest in sexuality will also appear when the child becomes 4 years old, now he knows some basic differences between himself and the children of the opposite sex and will ask questions like "How are babies born?". Our calm, simple and understandable answers, without many details, will satisfy the curiosity of the child.
When our child is 4 years old he can have a social life! It may have already decided who his "best" friend is. This phase is very important for the development of the child’s socialization, so we, as parents, must ensure daily companionship (preferably with children of the same age more or less). Plus, our child will not share free time with other children, just to play with them. Now he will discuss with his friends, he will exchange thoughts, opinions and ideas and will copy their behavior, will want to look and act like others. This may lead to problems in our relationship with him, which is normal and -fortunately- temporary. The delegation of responsibilities and praise from us, will give him the confidence needed for his social development.