The bottom part of the body is extended and the phase of short-legged infancy is now in the past. The child has already obtained all of the first dentition which means that it can eat comfortably and safely almost all foods. His body slowly begins to obtain its final appearance as an adult. Indeed, even the brain has surpassed 75% of final weight!
All changes of this period are mostly a result of training and experience, rather than maturation, as happened until now. Movements become more convenient, but mainly with significantly greater efficiency. The child achieves balance and coordination and his movements are made with precision, stability and comfort. The child goes up and down the stairs without support, alternating feet on stairs. He can run and accelerate or slow his steps down at will and with convenience, turning corners, even if they are steep, balances on one leg, suddenly stops, etc. The control of movements is visible in painting also, since in this phase the child can recreate from memory a circle, he can design an object, giving to it a name (usually this is evidenced by the thought that dominates the mind) etc. The self-service also follows the same pattern of improvement. He eats by himself with greater convenience and fewer… accidents, he can at least partially- be clothed alone, he uses the toilet, he can wash his hands etc.
Thought and imagination of a child 18th-24th months old
At this stage, language, imagination and symbolic thought play an important role. The key to child development is the memory recall, that is the child's ability to record events and withdraw them whenever he wants. Also, at the age of three, the child uses symbolic games, for example to pretend that one object is another one, the brush is a train or the notebook is a home, etc. Another characteristic of this age is that the child understands and interprets everything around him in a completely self-centered way. This is not selfishness, but the child's inability to understand that not everyone is the same and that he is not the center of the universe! But, the most amazing changes and conquests of this period happen in the child’s language communication. The articulation is improved, the vocabulary is enriched, the acquisition of grammatical rules is a fact, as the child of three years can use pronouns, ask questions, use the singular and plural with ease, etc.
Feelings of a child 18th-24th months old
The characteristic of this period in the child’s emotional development is the strengthening of his Ego and the simultaneous autonomy tendency he demonstrates. Tenacity, perseverance, disobedience, negativity, competition, jealousy, intensity, explosive reactions, anger, fear, often unjustified, make their appearance, creating concerns and anxiety for parents.
Sociability and friends
The group of children who are of the same age begins to play a huge role for the three year old child. Indeed, the role of group functions as a regulator in relation to the family. What does this mean? Children, being members of a group of other children of the same age, who meet the same requirements and receive the same influences (e.g. kindergarten, the playground or children's party), mitigate and compensate the individual characteristics of the family. So the spoiled child will learn how to share, how to wait for his turn, not to react when it is not the focus, etc. The neglected child, respectively, will find understanding, companionship, acceptance, love. The childrens’ relationships at this stage are interpersonal and for the first time the first cases of apparent adhesion to other children will appear.